• PEOPLE CLUSTER: SOUTH AMERICAN INDIGENOUS

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By Andy McCullough

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QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 364

Population: 4,520,585

Unreached people groups: 177

UPG population: 1,278,890

Unengaged UPGs: 104

UUPG population: 214,915

Number of countries: 19


Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans

Overview: The South American Indigenous people cluster encompasses indigenous peoples of South America who are not classified within other people clusters, notably the Amazon, Aymara, Guarani, and Quechua clusters. More indigenous peoples of South America are assigned to this people cluster than to those four clusters combined and more than two hundred distinct languages are spoken by these people groups.

Peoples within this cluster: Achagua; Ache; Achual Jivaro; Agualinda Guajibo; Akawaio; Akuliyo; Amahuaca; Amarakaire; Amaruwa; Amerindian, Detribalized; Amuesha; Andoque; Angaite; Angosturas Tunebo; Apalai; Apinaye; Arana; Arapaso; Arara, Acre; Arara, Mato Grosso; Arara, Para; Arara, Rondonia; Arawak; Arhuaco; Arutani; Ashaninca; Asheninca Apurucayali; Asheninca Pajonal; Asheninca Perene; Asheninca Pichis; Asheninca Ucayali-Yurua; Atikum; Atruahi; Aweti; Ayore; Bakairi; Bare; Baudo; Baure; Betoye; Cabiyari; Cacua; Camsa; Canamomo; Canichana; Caquinte; Carabayo; Carib; Carijona; Catio; Cavinena; Cayubaba; Central Tunebo; Chachilla; Chacobo; Chamacoco; Chami; Chane; Chayahuita; Chimila; Chipaya; Chiquitano; Chorote, Eklenjuy; Chorote, Manjuy; Cinta Larga; Cofan; Cogapacori; Cogui; Colorado; Coreguaje; Coyaima; Cubeo, Cuveo; Cuiba; Daw; Deni; Desano; Diaguita; Dujo; Eastern Tunebo; Embera, Northern; Emerilon; Emok; Fuhio; Gaviao do Maranhao; Gaviao do Para; Guajibo; Guajiro; Guambiano; Guanaca; Guanano; Guarequena; Guato; Guayabero; Guaymi; Huachipaire; Huilliche; Iapama; Ignaciano; Inga; Irantxe; Itene; Itogapuk; Japreria; Jebero; Jiripancó; Jungle Inga; Juruna; Kadiweu; Kaimbe; Kaingang; Kalanko; Kamba; Kambiwa; Kanamari; Kankuamo; Kanoe; Kantarure; Kapinawa; Karahawyana; Karapana; Karapoto; Kariri; Kariri-Xoco; Karitiana; Katawian; Kaxarari; Kaxixo; Kaxuyana; Kayapo; Kiriri-Xoco; Kitiya, Banawa; Koiupanka; Korubo; Kraho; Kreen-Akakore; Krenak; Kreye; Krikati; Kuikuro; Kulina; Kuna, Paya-Pucuro; Kunza; Kuruaya; Kwaza; Latunde; Maca; Macaguaje; Machiguenga; Machinere; Maco; Makuna; Makurapi; Makuxi; Malayo; Mapoyo; Mapuche; Masiguare; Mawayana; Maxakali; Mehinaku; Meneca Huitoto; Miriti-Tapuia; Mocovi; Movima; Muinane; Murui Huitoto; Nawa; Negarote; Nipode Huitoto; Nivacle; Nomatsiguenga; Nukuini; Oiampi; Opaye; Paez; Pai Tavytera; Paiaku; Pakaasnovos; Palikur; Panare; Pankarare; Pankararu; Paraujano; Parecis; Pasto; Patamona; Pataxo-Hahahae; Pato Tapuia; Pemon; Piapoco; Piaroa; Pilaga; Pipipa; Pira-Tapuia; Piro; Puinave; Qawasqar; Quaiquer; Quillacinga; Reyesano; Rikbaktsa; Rio Arauca Guajibo; Saija; Saliba; Sanapana; Sape; Satere, Mawe; Secoya; Shanenawa; Sharanahua; Sikiana; Siona; Siriano; Siripu; Southern Barasano; Suya; Tacana; Tado; Tanimuca; Tapayuna; Tapeba; Tapiete; Tatuyo; Tehuelche; Terena; Tikuna; Tingui-Boto; Toba; Toba-Maskoy; Tolpan; Tora; Totoro; Tremembe; Trinitario; Trio; Truka; Trumai; Tsimane; Tubarao; Tukano; Tumbalala; Turiwara; Tuxa; Tuyuka; Txikao; Umutina; Uru-Pa-In; Wai-Wai; Waorani; Wapixana; Warao; Wasu; Waunana; Waura; Wayana; Wayoro; Western Tunebo; Wichi Guisnay; Wichi Nocten; Wichi Vejoz; Wokarangma; Xavante; Xerente; Xinca; Xipaia; Xoco; Xokleng; Xukuru; Xukuru-Kariri; Yabaana; Yabarana; Yagua; Yahuna; Yamana; Yaminahua, Jaminawa; Yari; Yaruro; Yawalapiti, Walapiti; Yawanawa; Yuana; Yucuna; Yukpa; Yuqui; Yuruti; Zenu; Zoró

Countries where they are found: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; United States; Venezuela


People groups: 364

Population: 4,520,585

Unreached people groups: 177

UPG population: 1,278,890

Unengaged UPGs: 104

UUPG population: 214,915

Number of countries: 19