The Amazon has a long history of human settlement. Many of these peoples existed along rivers where they had good means of transportation, excellent fishing, and fertile floodplain soils for agriculture. When Europeans arrived, these were the first settlements to be affected. In the first century of European presence, the Amerindian population was reduced by 90 percent. Most of the remaining peoples lived in the interior of the forest: either pushed there by the Europeans or traditionally living there in smaller groups. A majority of the people groups within the Amazon people cluster number are small groups of less than 1,000 people.
Peoples within this cluster:
Aguaruna; Apurina; Arabela; Araona; Arara, Amazonas; Arikapu; Arua; Baniwa; Bora; Bororo; Candoshi; Canela; Capanahua; Cashibo; Cujareno; Enawenê-Nawê; Ese Ejja; Gaviao, Rondonia; Hixkariana; Huambiza; Hupdah; Iquito; Jabuti; Jamamadi; Jarawara; Javae; Kabixi; Kaixana; Kalapalo; Karaja; Karipuna do Rondonia; Karuazu; Katukina; Katukina of Rio Bia; Katukina, Panoan; Kaxinawa; Kulina Pano; Kuripako; Mandawaka; Maquiritari, Pawana; Marubo; Matipuhy; Matis; Mayoruna; Mirana; Morerebi; Motilone, Bari; Munduruku; Mura; Mura-Piraha; Mynky; Nadeb Maku; Nambiquara, Southern; Ninam; Northern Barasano; Nukak, Maku; Ocaina; Orejon; Pankara; Paranawat; Paumari; Poyanawa; Purubora; Sabanes; Sakirabia; Saluma; Sanuma, Guaika; Shipibol; Shuar; Suruwaha; Tariano; Tupari; Uncontacted of Bararati; Uncontacted of Cumina; Uncontacted of Jatapu; Uncontacted of Madeirinha; Uncontacted of Mapuera; Uncontacted of Parauari; Uncontacted of Rio Liberdade; Uncontacted of Rio Tapirape; Uncontacted of Serra do Taquaral; Uncontacted of Teles Pires; Urarina; Xakriaba; Xambioa; Yanoma; Yanomam, Guaharibo; Yanomam, Waica; Yuhup
Countries where they are found:
Bolivia; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; United States; Venezuela
Unreached people groups:
Number of countries: