• PEOPLE CLUSTER: SOUTH AMERICAN INDIGENOUS

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By Andy McCullough

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QUICK FACTS:

People groups: 380

Population: 5,470,305

Unreached people groups: 200

UPG population: 1,753,030

Unengaged UPGs: 124

UUPG population: 508,540

Number of countries: 18


Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans

Overview: The South American Indigenous people cluster encompasses indigenous peoples of South America who are not classified within other people clusters, notably the Amazon, Aymara, Guarani, and Quechua clusters. More indigenous peoples of South America are assigned to this people cluster than to those four clusters combined and more than two hundred distinct languages are spoken by these people groups.

Peoples within this cluster: Achagua; Ache; Achuar Jivaro; Akawaio; Akuliyo; Amahuaca; Amarakaire; Amaruwa; Amerindian, Detribalized; Amuesha; Andoque; Angaite; Angosturas Tunebo; Apalai; Apinaye; Arana; Arapaso; Arara, Acre; Arara, Amazonas; Arara, Mato Grosso; Arara, Para; Arara, Rondonia; Arawak; Arhuaco; Arutani; Ashaninca; Asheninca Apurucayali; Asheninca Pajonal; Asheninca Perene; Asheninca Ucayali-Yurua; Ashéninka Alto Pichis; Ashéninka Bajo Pichis; Ashéninka Pichis; Atacameno; Atikum; Atruahi; Aweti; Ayore; Bakairi; Bare; Baudo; Baure; Betoye; Cabiyari; Cacua; Camsa; Canamomo; Canela; Canichana; Caquinte; Carabayo; Carib; Carijona; Catio; Cavinena; Cayubaba; Central Tunebo; Chachilla; Chacobo; Chamacoco; Chami; Chane; Charrua; Chayahuita; Chimila; Chipaya; Chiquitano; Chorote, Eklenjuy; Chorote, Manjuy; Cinta Larga; Cofan; Cogapacori; Colorado; Comechingon; Coreguaje; Coyaima; Cubeo, Cuveo; Cuiba; Daw; Deni; Desano; Diaguita; Diaguita Cacano; Dujo; Eastern Tunebo; Embera-Saija; Embera, Northern; Emerilon; Emok; Fulnio; Gaviao do Maranhao; Gaviao, Para; Gaviao, Rondonia; Guajibo; Guajibo, Agualinda; Guajibo, Rio Arauca; Guambiano; Guanaca; Guarequena; Guato; Guayabero; Guaymi; Huachipaire; Huarpe; Huilliche; Iapama; Ignaciano; Inga; Inga, Jungle Inga; Irantxe; Itene; Itogapuk; Japreria; Jebero; Jiripancó; Juruna; Kadiweu; Kaimbe; Kaingang; Kalanko; Kamba; Kambiwa; Kanamari; Kankuamo; Kanoe; Kantarure; Kapinawa; Karahawyana; Karapana; Karapoto; Kariri; Kariri-Xoco; Karitiana; Karuazu; Katawian; Katokim; Kaxarari; Kaxixo; Kaxuyana; Kayapo; Kiriri-Xoco; Kitiya, Banawa; Kogi; Koiupanka; Korubo; Kraho; Kreen-Akakore; Krenak; Kreye; Krikati; Kuikuro; Kulina; Kuna, Paya-Pucuro; Kuruaya; Kwaza; Latunde; Lule; Maca; Macaguaje; Machiguenga; Machinere; Maco; Makuna; Makurapi; Makuxi; Mapoyo; Mapuche; Masiguare; Mawayana; Maxakali; Mehinaku; Meneca Huitoto; Miriti-Tapuia; Mocovi; Movima; Muinane; Murui Huitoto; Nawa; Negarote; Nipode Huitoto; Nivacle; Nomatsiguenga; Nukuini; Omaguaca; Opaye; Paez; Pai Tavytera; Paiaku; Pakaasnovos; Palikur; Panare; Pankara; Pankarare; Pankararu; Paraujano; Parecis; Pasto; Patamona; Pataxo-Hahahae; Pato Tapuia; Pemon; Piapoco; Piaroa; Pilaga; Pipipa; Pira-Tapuia; Puinave; Qawasqar; Quaiquer; Quillacinga; Rankulche; Reyesano; Rikbaktsa; Saliba; Sanapana; Sanaviron; Sape; Satere, Mawe; Secoya; Shanenawa; Sharanahua; Sikiana; Siona; Siriano; Siripu; Suya; Tacana; Tado; Tanimuca; Tapayuna; Tapeba; Tapiete; Tatuyo; Tehuelche; Terena; Ticuna; Tingui-Boto; Toba; Toba-Maskoy; Tolupan; Tora; Totoro; Tremembe; Trinitario; Trio; Truka; Trumai; Tsimane; Tubarao; Tukano; Tumbalala; Turiwara; Tuxa; Tuyuka; Txikao; Umutina; Uru-Pa-In; Vilela; Wai-Wai; Wanano, Guanano; Waorani; Wapixana; Warao; Wasu; Waura; Wayampi, Amapari; Wayana; Wayoro; Wayuu, Guajiro; Western Tunebo; Wichi Guisnay; Wichi Nocten; Wichi Vejoz; Wiwa; Wokarangma; Wounaan; Xakriaba; Xavante; Xerente; Xinca; Xipaia; Xoco; Xokleng; Xukuru; Xukuru-Kariri; Yabaana; Yabarana; Yagua; Yahuna; Yamana; Yaminahua, Jaminawa; Yari; Yaruro; Yawalapiti, Walapiti; Yawanawa; Yine; Yuana; Yucuna; Yukpa; Yuqui; Yuruti; Zenu; Zoró

Countries where they are found: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; United States; Venezuela


People groups: 380

Population: 5,470,305

Unreached people groups: 200

UPG population: 1,753,030

Unengaged UPGs: 124

UUPG population: 508,540

Number of countries: 18