The Sahara desert has long separated Asian and Mediterranean cultures from the rest of Africa, where a rich variety of cultures emerged. There is a further barrier across the continent: the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid savannah that stretches from the Atlantic to the Nile, dividing the Sahara itself from the forested regions to the south. Very different cultures emerged here and in the wetter rainforests.
The ethnic and linguistic variety in Africa is overwhelming. More than 4,000 people groups are classified within 54 people clusters, 20 of which are varieties of Bantu, a diverse and geographically widespread family of peoples and languages that dominates central and southern Africa.
-- Patrick Johnstone, The Future of the Global Church, p. 174
Adamawa-Ubangi; Atlantic; Atlantic-Jola; Atlantic-Wolof; Bantu, Cameroon-Bamileke; Bantu, Central-Congo; Bantu, Central-East; Bantu, Central-Lakes; Bantu, Central-Luba; Bantu, Central-South; Bantu, Central-Southeast; Bantu, Central-Southwest; Bantu, Central-Tanzania; Bantu, Chewa-Sena; Bantu, East-Coastal; Bantu, Gikuyu-Kamba; Bantu, Kongo; Bantu, Makua-Yao; Bantu, Nguni; Bantu, Northwest; Bantu, Shona; Bantu, Sotho-Tswana; Bantu, Southeastern; Bantu, Swahili; Benue; Chadic; Fulani / Fulbe; Guera-Naba of Chad; Guinean; Gur; Hausa; Igbo; Ijaw; Kanuri-Saharan; Khoisan; Kru; Malinke; Malinke-Bambara; Malinke-Jula; Mande; Nilotic; Nuba Mountains; Nubian; Nupe; Other Sub-Saharan African; Ouaddai-Fur; Pygmy; Sara-Bagirmi; Songhai; Soninke; Sub-Saharan African, generic; Sudanic; Susu; Yoruba
Countries where they are found:
Algeria; Angola; Belgium; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cabo Verde; Cameroon; Canada; Central African Republic; Chad; Comoros; Congo (Brazzaville); Congo (Kinshasa); Cote d’Ivoire; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Eswatini; Ethiopia; France; Gabon; Gambia; Germany; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Ireland; Italy; Kenya; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mozambique; Namibia; Netherlands; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Portugal; Reunion; Rwanda; Sao Tome and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Spain; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Unreached people groups:
Number of clusters:
Number of countries: